Welcome To The 4E Publications Area
A “life cycle thinking” approach to assess differences in the energy use of SiC vs. Si power semiconductors
Wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductors have the potential to provide significant improvements in energy efficiency over conventional Silicon (Si) semiconductors. While the potential for energy efficiency gains is
The final report from the IEA 4E Solid State Lighting Annex’s 2017 Interlaboratory comparison (IC 2017). This comparison had 36 participating laboratories from 19 countries with a
This controls validation method aims to provide a uniform method of test which will validate native control operation and performance criteria for residential air conditioners and heat pumps with variable speed compressors. This method is intended to be used as a confirmation against regulatory tests in which modulating component(s) are overridden.
This Policy Brief summarises the key findings of a global survey on digitalisation in motor systems.
This joint report with the Users TCP investigates ‘usability’ issues associated with energy smart digital devices.
Achievements of Energy Efficiency Appliance and Equipment Standards and Labelling Programmes: 2021 FULL Report
The complete 2021 report on the impact of standards and labelling programmes in countries around the world, drawing on nearly 400 published reports, studies and papers covering more than 100 products.
Achievements of Energy Efficiency Appliance and Equipment Standards and Labelling Programmes: 2021 SUMMARY Report
The 2021 summary report on the impact of standards and labelling programmes in countries around the world.
Provides guiding principles to policy makers for the development of digitalisation strategies that incorporate demand flexibility and intelligent efficiency applications as key objectives.
This policy brief sets out a guide for the development of country roadmaps for consumer device demand flexibility.
Provides policy guidance for encouraging the development of consumer devices which are capable of ‘energy smart digital functionality’
This report provides an overview of small network equipment (e.g. routers and modems), investigates options for policies and estimates the potential for energy savings.
This research aims to develop an internationally applicable load-based test method for variable capacity ACs and HPs and has 4 Phases. This report discusses the findings of Phase 2 (Investigative Testing of Key Issues), as well as the research team’s recommendations for Phase 3 work.
A summary of the literature on lifetime definitions for LEDs and LED products, including a look at failure mechanisms, accelerated life tests and test methods for estimating lifetime, and provides some recommendations. There is currently no agreement as to which test method can best estimate the lifetime of LED lighting products and the report thus addresses a key issue for regulators and industry interested in deployment of LED technologies