The IEA was established as an autonomous agency in November 1974. Its mandate is two-fold: to promote energy security amongst its member countries through collective response to physical disruptions in oil supply; and to advise member countries on sound energy policy.
The IEA carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among 28 advanced economies, each of which is obliged to hold oil stocks equivalent to 90 days of its net imports.
With a staff of around 260, mainly energy analysts, modellers and data managers/statisticians from its 28 member countries, the IEA conducts a broad programme of energy research, data compilation, publications and public dissemination of the latest energy policy analysis and recommendations on good practices.
To support the IEA’s core issues, the IEA created a legal contract, and a system of standard rules and regulations that would allow interested member and non-member governments to pool resources and research the development and deployment of particular technologies.
This IEA technology collaboration programme is open to IEA member and non-member countries.
For more than 30 years, technology collaboration has been a fundamental building block among IEA member and non-member countries in facilitating the progress of new or improved energy technologies. Currently, there are 40 collaborative projects, with several thousand participants from 72 countries, organisations or companies working in the areas of cross-cutting activities, end-use (buildings, electricity, industry, transport), fossil fuels, fusion power and renewable energies.
Each TCP has a unique scope and range of activities, although the work typically includes technology and policy assessments, research projects, information exchange and the dissemination of results and experiences.
International energy technology collaboration provides many advantages to participants, including:
Further information is available at: